glStencilOp — set front and back stencil test actions
Specifies the action to take when the stencil test fails.
Eight symbolic constants are accepted:
GL_INVERT. The initial value is
Specifies the stencil action when the stencil test passes,
but the depth test fails.
dpfail accepts the same symbolic constants as
sfail. The initial value
Specifies the stencil action when both the stencil test and the depth
test pass, or when the stencil test passes and either there is no
depth buffer or depth testing is not enabled.
dppass accepts the same symbolic constants as
sfail. The initial value
Stenciling, like depth-buffering, enables and disables drawing on a per-pixel basis. You draw into the stencil planes using GL drawing primitives, then render geometry and images, using the stencil planes to mask out portions of the screen. Stenciling is typically used in multipass rendering algorithms to achieve special effects, such as decals, outlining, and constructive solid geometry rendering.
The stencil test conditionally eliminates a pixel based on the outcome
of a comparison between the value in the stencil buffer and a
reference value. To enable and disable the test, call glEnable
and glDisable with argument
GL_STENCIL_TEST; to control it, call
There can be two separate sets of
dppass parameters; one affects back-facing polygons, and the other
affects front-facing polygons as well as other non-polygon primitives.
glStencilOp sets both front
and back stencil state to the same values. Use glStencilOpSeparate
to set front and back stencil state to different values.
glStencilOp takes three arguments that indicate what happens
to the stored stencil value while stenciling is enabled.
If the stencil test fails,
no change is made to the pixel's color or depth buffers,
sfail specifies what happens to the stencil buffer contents.
The following eight actions are possible.
Keeps the current value.
Sets the stencil buffer value to 0.
Sets the stencil buffer value to ref, as specified by glStencilFunc.
Increments the current stencil buffer value. Clamps to the maximum representable unsigned value.
Increments the current stencil buffer value. Wraps stencil buffer value to zero when incrementing the maximum representable unsigned value.
Decrements the current stencil buffer value. Clamps to 0.
Decrements the current stencil buffer value. Wraps stencil buffer value to the maximum representable unsigned value when decrementing a stencil buffer value of zero.
Bitwise inverts the current stencil buffer value.
Stencil buffer values are treated as unsigned integers.
When incremented and decremented,
values are clamped to 0 and
is the value returned by querying
The other two arguments to
glStencilOp specify stencil buffer actions
that depend on whether subsequent depth buffer tests succeed (
or fail (
The actions are specified using the same eight symbolic constants as
dpfail is ignored when there is no depth buffer,
or when the depth buffer is not enabled.
In these cases,
dppass specify stencil action when the
stencil test fails and passes,
GL_INCR_WRAP are available only if the GL
version is 1.4 or greater.
Initially the stencil test is disabled.
If there is no stencil buffer,
no stencil modification can occur
and it is as if the stencil tests always pass,
regardless of any call to
GL_INVALID_ENUM is generated if
dppass is any value other than the eight defined constant values.
glGet with argument
glIsEnabled with argument
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