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Thread: Lighting ring artifact!

  1. #1
    Junior Member Regular Contributor
    Join Date
    Dec 2002

    Lighting ring artifact!

    Recently I am working on SpotLight implementation and I found this ring artifact (a circular ring around the light source) issue.

    Here is my fragment shader:

    Code :
    #version 330 core                                
    in vec3 v_Position;        // Interpolated position for this fragment.
    //in vec4 v_Color;              // This is the color from the vertex shader interpolated across the
                                      // triangle per fragment.
    in vec3 v_Normal;             // Interpolated normal for this fragment.
    in vec3 v_OriginalPosition;        // This will be passed into the fragment shader.
    in vec3 v_CubeOriginalPosition;
    in vec2 UV;
    in vec4 ShadowCoord;
    uniform sampler2D myTextureSampler;
    uniform sampler2D shadowMap;
    //uniform sampler2DShadow shadowMap;
    uniform samplerCube skybox;
    uniform vec3 camPos;
    uniform vec3 shadowVect;
    uniform vec4 LineColor;
    uniform int bShadowOn;
    uniform int bTextureOn;
    uniform mat4 u_MVPMatrix;        // A constant representing the combined model/view/projection matrix.
    // Ouput data
    out vec4 color;
    uniform float transparent;
    uniform float Materialshininess;
    uniform int CubeMapReflection;
    uniform int IsOrthographic;
    const int MAX_LIGHTS = 10;
    uniform int numLights;
    struct Light {
       vec3 position;
       vec4 diffuse;
       vec4 ambient;
       vec4 specular;
       int spotLight;
       vec3 spotDirection;
       float spotCosCutoff;
       float spotExponent;
       float constantAttenuation;
       float linearAttenuation;
       float quadraticAttenuation;
    uniform Light allLights[MAX_LIGHTS];
    vec4 ApplyLight(Light light){
        // Get a lighting direction vector from the light to the vertex.
        vec3 lightVector;
    float att=1;
            vec3 vertexToLightSource =vec3(light.position - v_OriginalPosition);
            // Will be used for attenuation.
            float distance = length(vertexToLightSource);
            lightVector = normalize(vertexToLightSource);
            float spotEffect = dot( normalize(-lightVector),normalize( light.spotDirection));
            if (spotEffect > light.spotCosCutoff) {
                spotEffect = pow(spotEffect, light.spotExponent);
                att = spotEffect / (light.constantAttenuation +
                        light.linearAttenuation * distance +
                        light.quadraticAttenuation * distance* distance);             
            else {
    else {
           lightVector = normalize(light.position);    
        vec3 E = normalize(v_OriginalPosition-camPos); // we are in Eye Coordinates, so EyePos is (0,0,0)  
        vec3 R= normalize(reflect(-lightVector , v_Normal) );  
       // calculate Specular Term:
       vec4 Ispec = light.specular * pow(max(dot(R,E),0.0),Materialshininess);                
       Ispec = clamp(Ispec, 0.0, 1.0);  
        // Calculate the dot product of the light vector and vertex normal. If the normal and light vector are
        // pointing in the same direction then it will get max illumination.
        float diffuse;
        if (gl_FrontFacing) {
                diffuse = max(dot(v_Normal, lightVector), 0.0);
           else {
                 diffuse = max(dot(-v_Normal, lightVector), 0.0);
        return att * ((light.diffuse * diffuse) + light.ambient + Ispec) ;
    // The entry point for our fragment shader.
    void main()
      vec4 linearColor = vec4(1,1,1,1);
       // Material properties
           vec3 MaterialDiffuseColor = texture( myTextureSampler, UV ).rgb;
               linearColor = vec4(MaterialDiffuseColor,1);
       else if(bTextureOn==2){
               vec4 MaterialDiffuseColor = texture( skybox, v_CubeOriginalPosition);
                   linearColor = vec4(MaterialDiffuseColor);
           else {
                    float ratio = 1.00 / 1.52;
                    vec3 I = normalize(v_CubeOriginalPosition - camPos);
                    vec3 R = reflect(I, normalize(v_Normal));
                    linearColor = vec4(texture(skybox, R).rgb, 1.0);
      vec4 tempColor=vec4(0,0,0,0);
       for(int i = 0; i < numLights; ++i){
            tempColor += ApplyLight(allLights[i]); 
       color = LineColor * linearColor * tempColor;

    Can somebody tell me how to get rig of this issue? Thanks in Advance.
    Attached Thumbnails Attached Thumbnails Click image for larger version. 

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  2. #2
    Senior Member OpenGL Pro
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    This is just banding:

    It's not a fault of your code, it's because you're drawing to an 8-bit-per-channel framebuffer (24-bit or 32-bit colour), and is an absolutely standard problem and expected behaviour.

    One suggested approach is to do nothing. You're not blending with a texture yet, and banding is often significantly less noticeable after doing do.

    If it really bothers you, you can try drawing to a 64-bit or 128-bit FBO but that will come at some performance tradeoff.

  3. #3
    Junior Member Regular Contributor
    Join Date
    Dec 2002
    hi mhagain,

    Thanks a lot for your info!

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