Part of the Khronos Group

The Industry's Foundation for High Performance Graphics

from games to virtual reality, mobile phones to supercomputers

Results 1 to 2 of 2

Thread: Batching

  1. #1
    Newbie Newbie
    Join Date
    Apr 2014


    Hi all,

    Just a quick question about material batching under OpenGL. What are some of the best practices or submitting batches of geometry to OpenGL for rendering, while minimising state changes? I'm currently looking at a solution where a model is broken up into in a set of MaterialBatches, which then consist of a list of BatchMeshes for that material batch, eg:

    Code :
            struct MaterialBatch {
                            Shader *pShader;
                            Material *pMaterial;  // Set of shader bindings for batch
                            BatchMesh *pMeshBatchList;
            struct BatchMesh {
                            Matrix *pTransform;
                            VIBuffer *pBuffer;
                            BatchMesh *pNext;

    I would submit each batch to the render which would then sort based on the applied material, which I'm currently tossing up the idea of supplying a kind of ClsId for each material as the sorting value. The sorter would perform something like:

    Code :
            void submitBatch(MaterialBatch *pBatch) {
                    pBatch = getQueuedBatchForMaterial(pBatch->pMaterial);
                    if (pQueuedBatch == NULL) {
                            // Material is not currently in the render queue - add it
                    } else {
                            // Material is already in the render queue - attach the list of meshes to this queue entry
                            pBatch->pNext = pQueuedBatch->pMeshBatchList;
                            pQueuedBatch->pMeshBatchList = pBatch;

    Rendering would then be a matter of:

    Code :
            void renderQueue(RenderQueue *pQueue) {
                    pBatch = pQueue->pBatchQueue;
                    while (pBatch) {
                            // Configure the material for rendering
                            configureMaterial(pBatch->pShader, pBatch->pMaterial);
                            // Render the mesh batches
                            pMesh = pBatch->pMeshBatchList;
                            while (pMesh) {
                                    // Set modelview transform for rendering the mesh
                                    // Bind the vertex / index buffer, and submit the lists

    Is it worth sorting on vertex and index buffers as well in order to minimise state changes? Anyone have any tips on geometry / material / mesh / buffer sorting?


  2. #2
    Senior Member OpenGL Pro
    Join Date
    Jan 2012
    From what I remember from a nVidia presentation -
    most costly -> least costly

    setup FBO - shader program - textures - vertex buffer - uniforms

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts