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Thread: Dual Quaternion Skeletal Animation

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  1. #1
    Newbie Newbie
    Join Date
    Aug 2013

    Dual Quaternion Skeletal Animation

    I'm having a small but annoying problem with implementing skeletal animation using Dual Quaternions. The idea is to do the bone interpolation CPU side and to do the skinning on the GPU using boneID's and Weights.

    My current Test Case

    2 Bones. Bone 0 = Parent , Bone 1 = Child

    Keyframe 0 (Bind Pose)
    Bone 0 : Head at (0.0, 0.0, 0.0) , Tail at (2.0, 0.0, 0.0) (Z is up)
    Bone 1 : Head at (2.0, 0.0, 0.0) , Tail at (4.0, 0.0, 0.0)

    Keyframe 1
    Bone 0 : 90 degree rotation around the Y-Axis (Locally)
    Bone 1 : 45 degree rotation around the Y-Axis (Locally)

    The idea here is that at the end of the interpolation Bone 1's head, having been rotated by Bone 0, will be at (0.0, 2.0, 0.0) and the tail will have a further 45 rotation putting it at around (-1.414, 3.414, 0.0)

    The problem I'm having is that I can't seem to get the Head for Bone 1 to stay connected to the Tail of Bone 0. I can get each bone to rotate properly, i.e. Bone 1 has the combined 135 degree rotation in the end, but its position isn't right.

    Bone 0 = Green , Bone 1 = Yellow

    For some reason this forum isn't letting me link the image I made describing my situation so here's a plain text link.

    (insert ĥttp://)

    Here's my current process :

    1. Start at Parent (Bone 0), Interpolate between Keyframe 0 and 1 using TimeDelta -> Makes New ParentDQ
    2. Send new ParentDQ to Child (Bone 1)
    3a. Interpolate Child between Keyframe 0 and 1 using TimeDelta -> Makes new ChildDQ
    3b. Multiply new ChildDQ by new ParentDQ -> Adds parent rotation to child bone.
    3c. Multiply updated ChildDQ by ChildInverseDQ -> Moves child bone into its position??

    ChildInverseDQ is a DualQuat created by negating the bind pose starting position.

    ChildInverseDQ = .5 ( t r )
    : t = (2.0,0.0,0.0,0.0) , which is the bones head position
    r = (0.0,0.0,0.0,1.0), identity quat

    = q_real (0.0,0.0,0.0,1.0) <- (x,y,z,w)
    q_dual(-1.0,0.0,0.0,0.0) <- (x,y,z,w)

    What I'm doing is obviously not working for me, but is the theory sound? How far off am I?
    Last edited by Atimlotus; 08-18-2013 at 02:21 PM.

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