# Thread: Remembering coordinates (Push/Pop Matrix ?)

1. ## Remembering coordinates (Push/Pop Matrix ?)

Hello,
This is my first post so I would like to say Hello for everyone.
In school I'm programming in openlg and I have problem. That's my code:
Code :
```int DrawGLScene(GLvoid)
{	glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);

x=0.0f;

for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
{

if (keys['1'])	a = 1;

if (keys['2'])	a = 2;

if (a == 1)
{

glTranslatef(0, 0.0f,-25.0f);
glRotatef(rtri,0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
//	glPushMatrix();
glTranslatef(x, 0.0f,0.0f);

glBegin(GL_TRIANGLES);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f,-1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glEnd();

if (x == 0) x = -3;
else if (x < 0 ) x = 3;

rtri+=0.05f;

}
if (a == 2)
{

glTranslatef(x, 0.0f,-25.0f);
//	glPopMatrix();
glRotatef(rtri,0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glBegin(GL_TRIANGLES);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f,-1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);

glEnd();

if (x == 0) x = -3;
else if (x < 0 ) x = 3;

rtri+=0.05f;

}
}

return TRUE;
}```

Key '1' nad '2' are changing mode and my problem is how to do, to remember coordinates ? When I put key '2' everything is back to position 0, 0, 0 (efects the same like "translatef (0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f)". I tried to use glPushMatrix and glPopMatrix but it doesn't work (probably I used these functions wrong). Can help me and correct this code ? Is very very importand for me...
Big Thanks.
ps. Sorry for my english... :/

Best Regards

2. glPush and glPop save and restore the current select matrix (in you case you want the VIEWMODEL matrix). So you need to select the view model matrix with glMatrixMode(GL_VIEWMODEL) and call glPushMatrix; now do what ever you want to draw your objects; then call glPopMatrix() and you have the original matrix back.

3. Thanks for replay.
I understood, but I did something wrong because it isn't working. Can you correct this code, please ?
Code :
```int DrawGLScene(GLvoid)
{	glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);

x=0.0f;

for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
{

if (keys['1'])	a = 1;

if (keys['2'])	a = 2;

if (a == 1)
{

glTranslatef(0, 0.0f,-25.0f);
glRotatef(rtri,0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);

glPushMatrix();
glTranslatef(x, 0.0f,0.0f);
glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
glBegin(GL_TRIANGLES);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f,-1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glEnd();

if (x == 0) x = -3;
else if (x < 0 ) x = 3;

rtri+=0.05f;

}
if (a == 2)
{

glTranslatef(x, 0.0f,-25.0f);
glPopMatrix();
glRotatef(rtri,0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glBegin(GL_TRIANGLES);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, -1.0f);
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f( 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,0.0f,1.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f,-1.0f);
glColor3f(0.0f,1.0f,0.0f);
glVertex3f(-1.0f,-1.0f, 1.0f);

glEnd();

if (x == 0) x = -3;
else if (x < 0 ) x = 3;

rtri+=0.05f;

}
}

return TRUE;
}```
Where I did mistake ?

4. Your push and pops are not paired - you push if a == 1 and only pop if it is equal to 2 - this look wrong.

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