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Thread: Can't make texture works

  1. #1
    Junior Member Newbie
    Join Date
    May 2012

    Question Can't make texture works

    Hi, I'm new with openGL and I can't seems to make textures work properly. I need to cast shadows and I refer to this toturial for this purpose : Since I try tu use the latest GLSL version, I had to change some pieces of code.

    Before going further, so far, here is what I get without searching for shadows.

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Screenshot at 2012-05-05 15:43:57.jpg 
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ID:	698

    For each instance of light, I have a framebuffer object and a texture attached to it.

    Code :
    m_diffuse(0.3, 0.6, 0.6),
    m_specular(0.3, 0.7, 0.7),
    	glGenTextures(1, &m_texId);
    	glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, m_texId);
    	glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0);
    	glGenFramebuffers(1, &m_fboId);
    	glBindFramebuffer(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, m_fboId);
    	glFramebufferTexture2D(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, GL_DEPTH_ATTACHMENT, GL_TEXTURE_2D, m_texId, 0);
    	glBindFramebuffer(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, 0);

    Before rendering, I TRY to get the view of each light by bindding the framebuffer before rendering.

    Code :
    void CGLWidget::paintGL(){
    	//Shadow maps generation
    	m_shadow.use(); //shadow program
    	for(int a = 0; a < m_light.size(); a++){
    		CLight* current = m_light[a];
    			m_currentCamera = current;
    			current->bindFB(); //glBindFramebuffer(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, m_fboId);
    			current->unbindFB(); //glBindFramebuffer(GL_FRAMEBUFFER, 0);
    	//Draw final render
    	m_render.use(); //render program
    	m_currentCamera = &m_camera;

    If I comment the final render part and don't bind the frame buffer I get this :

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Screenshot at 2012-05-05 15:52:44.jpg 
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ID:	699

    Which is normal considering the shaders :

    Code :
    #version 420
    in vec3 position;
    uniform mat4 mvp;
    void main()
    	gl_Position = mvp * vec4(position, 1.0f);

    Code :
    #version 420
    out vec4 fragColor;
    void main (void)
    	fragColor = vec4(0.5, 0.5, 0.5, 1) ;

    When I keep the render part commented but uncomment the binding part I get a dark screen, which is once again normal, I guess. Thus I though my texture was correctly made and I tried to use it on the render's fragment shader.

    Here is the method of CLight used just before drawing :

    Code :
    void CLight::sendTo(CProgram* p_program, const CMVP* p_camera, int p_id){
    	p_program->sendUniform1i(QString("light[%1].type").arg(p_id), m_type);
    	p_program->sendUniform4f(QString("light[%1].position").arg(p_id), position.x(), position.y(), position.z(), position.w());
    	p_program->sendUniform3f(QString("light[%1].direction").arg(p_id), direction.x(), direction.y(), direction.z());
    	p_program->sendUniform1i(QString("shadowMap[%1]").arg(p_id), p_id); //The cursed line
    	p_program->sendUniform1f(QString("light[%1].intensity").arg(p_id), m_intensity);
    	p_program->sendUniform1f(QString("light[%1].ambient").arg(p_id), m_ambient);
    	p_program->sendUniform3f(QString("light[%1].diffuse").arg(p_id), m_diffuse.x(), m_diffuse.y(), m_diffuse.z());
    	p_program->sendUniform3f(QString("light[%1].specular").arg(p_id), m_specular.x(), m_specular.y(), m_specular.z());
    	p_program->sendUniformMatrix4fv(QString("light[%1].shadowMat").arg(p_id), 1, GL_TRUE, texMat);
    	glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE0 + p_id); //Maybe some cursed lines again
    	glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, m_texId); //

    And here are the render shaders :

    Code :
    #version 420
    in vec3 position;
    in vec3 color;
    in vec3 normal;
    uniform mat4 mvp;
    uniform mat4 mv;
    uniform mat3 mvi;
    out vec4 vertexInitPosition;
    out vec4 vertexPosition;
    out vec3 vertexColor;
    out vec3 vertexNormal;
    void main()
    	int a;
    	vertexInitPosition = vec4(position, 1);
    	vertexPosition = mv * vec4(position, 1);
    	vertexColor = color;
    	vertexNormal = normalize(mvi * normal);
    	gl_Position = mvp * vec4(position, 1.0f);

    Code :
    #version 420
    const int nbrLight = 8;
    in vec4 vertexInitPosition;
    in vec4 vertexPosition;
    in vec3 vertexColor;
    in vec3 vertexNormal;
    uniform int nbrLightUsed;
    uniform struct lightStruct {
    	int type;
    	vec4 position;
    	vec3 direction;
    	mat4 shadowMat;
    	float intensity;
    	float ambient;
    	vec3 diffuse;
    	vec3 specular;
    } light[nbrLight];
    uniform sampler2D shadowMap[nbrLight];
    out vec4 fragColor;
    void main (void)
    	int a;
    	vec3 iDiff = vec3(0,0,0);
    	vec3 iSpec = vec3(0,0,0);
    	vec4 shadowCoord;
    	for(a = 0; a < nbrLight && a < nbrLightUsed; a++){
    		//Compute shadows
    		shadowCoord = light[a].shadowMat * vertexInitPosition;
    		vec4 shadowCoordinateWdivide = shadowCoord / shadowCoord.w ;
    		shadowCoordinateWdivide.z += 0.0005;
    		float distanceFromLight = texture2D(shadowMap[a],;
    		float shadow = 1.0;
     		if (shadowCoord.w > 0.0 && distanceFromLight < shadowCoordinateWdivide.z)
     			shadow = 0.5;
    		//Compute rays
    		vec3 L;
    		if(light[a].type == 0) //Point light
    			L = vec3(normalize(vertexPosition - light[a].position));
    		else if(light[a].type == 1) //Directionnal light
    			L = normalize(light[a].direction);
    		vec3 E = -normalize(vec3(vertexPosition));
    		vec3 R = normalize(reflect(L,vertexNormal)); 
    		//Add light
    		iDiff = iDiff + shadow * light[a].diffuse * (light[a].intensity * (light[a].ambient + (1.0 - 0.5*light[a].ambient) * dot(-L, vertexNormal)));
    		iSpec = iSpec + light[a].specular * (light[a].intensity * pow(max(dot(R,E),0.0),7.0));
    	fragColor = vec4(iDiff + iSpec, 1) ;

    Everything works fine except the "Compute shadows" part. I'm sure my textureMatrix is correct because when I make my render only arround it, I get this :

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Screenshot at 2012-05-05 16:06:59.jpg 
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Size:	4.0 KB 
ID:	700

    Thus, the last problem that remains is the integrity of the sampler2D used. I tried a render using only the z values of this sampler and got only 1.0 values. I also tried with empty samplers and got the same result.

    I don't know what's wrong here, till then it was funny because I could tuch every data by hand. Now with textures it's different, I have no idea if the transfert from the framebuffer was a success nor the transfert vie glUniform1i().

    Does anyone have an idea ?

  2. #2
    Junior Member Newbie
    Join Date
    May 2012
    Some news. While trying to figure out what was the problem I found an other one (or maybe the only one, who knows).

    My texture matrix doesn't seem to be that goog.

    From the light point of view, here are some snapshots depending on the piece of shader associated.

    Code :
    shadowCoord = light[a].shadowMat * vertexInitPosition; //vertexInit being the input in the vertexShader
    vec4 shadowCoordinateWdivide = shadowCoord / shadowCoord.w ;
    fragColor = vec4(shadowCoordinateWdivide.z, shadowCoordinateWdivide.z, shadowCoordinateWdivide.z, 1);

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Screenshot at 2012-05-06 01:31:55.jpg 
Views:	271 
Size:	4.5 KB 
ID:	702

    Code :
    shadowCoord = light[a].shadowMat * vertexInitPosition;
    vec4 shadowCoordinateWdivide = shadowCoord / shadowCoord.w ;
    fragColor = vec4(shadowCoord.z/20, shadowCoord.z/20, shadowCoord.z/20, 1);

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Screenshot at 2012-05-06 01:32:20.jpg 
Views:	293 
Size:	3.2 KB 
ID:	703

    Code :
    shadowCoord = light[a].shadowMat * vertexInitPosition;
    vec4 shadowCoordinateWdivide = shadowCoord / shadowCoord.w ;
    fragColor = vec4(shadowCoord.w/20, shadowCoord.w/20, shadowCoord.w/20, 1);

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Screenshot at 2012-05-06 01:32:32.jpg 
Views:	277 
Size:	6.5 KB 
ID:	704

    As you can see, the z value is correct, but the w is not. In my opinion, for a good result, it should be around 20.0 to get a good result, however, it tend to 1 on the top right corner.

    Any idea of what is wrong with my texture matrix. Which shouldn't be that complex since in this point of view it should be the mvp matrix multiplied by a bias.

    Edit : new stuff again. Instead of using the texture matrix, I tried with the mvp only (meaning without the bias) and I get the z and w to the same value for every pixel, thus the z/w give me a totally blank teapot. There is something I don't get with the w value :/

    Edit2: This behavior with the mvp alone made me think my bias was maybe a problem. I transpoed it and get now the same result in display, with or without the bias. I think I broke it. Please someone help me.

    Day 2 :

    Still not working, can't understand why .z and .w fit.

    Here is x/w
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Screenshot at 2012-05-06 15:48:41.jpg 
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ID:	705

    Here is y/w
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Screenshot at 2012-05-06 15:48:52.jpg 
Views:	265 
Size:	6.0 KB 
ID:	706

    And for z/w, I got a completely blank teapot.

    And I tested the value, it's exactly 1.0, not a value above.

    New stuff, while using ortho projection matrix, I get a correct depth render, while perspective give me a really bad one.
    Last edited by agrum_; 05-06-2012 at 08:07 AM.

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