Morpheus011

11-01-2005, 04:33 PM

I am very new to glsl and am trying to get some basic applications written to get the general idea of how a glsl program works. Currently I am doing a simple shader where I stretch an object (a torus in this case) by applying a scale to its vertices. However I can't seem to get it working correctly and this problem has brought to my attention a few other questions I have pertaining to vertex and fragment shaders in general.

First of all this is the shader I am using to perform the vertex transforms (this is based on an example from the OpenGL SuperBible)--

// light position used for lighting calculations

uniform vec3 lightPos0;

uniform vec3 color;

uniform vec3 squashStretch;

void main()

{

// glPosition is a built in variable that stores the output vertex position.

// Here we multiply the object space vertex (gl_Vertex) by the model view

// projection matrix to transform the vertex to clip space.

vec4 stretchCoord = gl_Vertex;

stretchCoord.xyz *= squashStretch;

vec4 clipCoord = gl_ModelViewProjectionMatrix * stretchCoord;

// copy the clip space coordinates into our position

gl_Position = clipCoord;

vec3 stretchedNormal = gl_Normal;

stretchedNormal *= squashStretch;

// Let there be light!

vec3 N = normalize(gl_NormalMatrix * stretchedNormal);

vec3 V = gl_ModelViewMatrix * stretchCoord;

vec3 L = normalize(lightPos0 - V.xyz);

vec3 H = normalize(L + vec3(0.0, 0.0, 1.0));

// specular contribution

//const float spec = 128.0;

// calculate the diffuse lighting

float NdotL = dot(N, L);

vec4 diffuse = gl_Color * vec4(max(0.0, NdotL));

// calculate the specular component

float NdotH = max(0.0, dot(N, H) * 8.0 - 7.0);

gl_TexCoord[0] = vec4(NdotH, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);

gl_FrontColor = diffuse;

// calculate normalized device coords

vec3 ndc = clipCoord.xyz / clipCoord.w;

// map from (-1, 1) to (0, 1) before outputting

vec3(gl_SecondaryColor) = (ndc * 0.5) + 0.5;

}For some reason the above code not only doesn't do what I want it to (essentially stretch the torus into a more oblong shape) but in fact nothing renders to the screen at all except for a black background. I have tried a few variations of this method and none seem to be working. This also leads to my next question which pertains to the variables listed ahead of the main() function signature. I know that the uniform qualifier means these variables remain constant but must be initialized outside of the shader, but I am not sure where they should be initialized. I am assuming that they must be init'd in my C code through OpenGL states and the like but I am not sure. I have gotten basic lighting (diffuse, specular) to work fine with the shader so I'm assuming I just need to somehow pass a value to the squashStretch param that is used for my lighting and vertex transform calculations. Thanks for any help you can give me and I apologize for the lengthy post (I hate reading long posts too).

Thanks again in advance

First of all this is the shader I am using to perform the vertex transforms (this is based on an example from the OpenGL SuperBible)--

// light position used for lighting calculations

uniform vec3 lightPos0;

uniform vec3 color;

uniform vec3 squashStretch;

void main()

{

// glPosition is a built in variable that stores the output vertex position.

// Here we multiply the object space vertex (gl_Vertex) by the model view

// projection matrix to transform the vertex to clip space.

vec4 stretchCoord = gl_Vertex;

stretchCoord.xyz *= squashStretch;

vec4 clipCoord = gl_ModelViewProjectionMatrix * stretchCoord;

// copy the clip space coordinates into our position

gl_Position = clipCoord;

vec3 stretchedNormal = gl_Normal;

stretchedNormal *= squashStretch;

// Let there be light!

vec3 N = normalize(gl_NormalMatrix * stretchedNormal);

vec3 V = gl_ModelViewMatrix * stretchCoord;

vec3 L = normalize(lightPos0 - V.xyz);

vec3 H = normalize(L + vec3(0.0, 0.0, 1.0));

// specular contribution

//const float spec = 128.0;

// calculate the diffuse lighting

float NdotL = dot(N, L);

vec4 diffuse = gl_Color * vec4(max(0.0, NdotL));

// calculate the specular component

float NdotH = max(0.0, dot(N, H) * 8.0 - 7.0);

gl_TexCoord[0] = vec4(NdotH, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);

gl_FrontColor = diffuse;

// calculate normalized device coords

vec3 ndc = clipCoord.xyz / clipCoord.w;

// map from (-1, 1) to (0, 1) before outputting

vec3(gl_SecondaryColor) = (ndc * 0.5) + 0.5;

}For some reason the above code not only doesn't do what I want it to (essentially stretch the torus into a more oblong shape) but in fact nothing renders to the screen at all except for a black background. I have tried a few variations of this method and none seem to be working. This also leads to my next question which pertains to the variables listed ahead of the main() function signature. I know that the uniform qualifier means these variables remain constant but must be initialized outside of the shader, but I am not sure where they should be initialized. I am assuming that they must be init'd in my C code through OpenGL states and the like but I am not sure. I have gotten basic lighting (diffuse, specular) to work fine with the shader so I'm assuming I just need to somehow pass a value to the squashStretch param that is used for my lighting and vertex transform calculations. Thanks for any help you can give me and I apologize for the lengthy post (I hate reading long posts too).

Thanks again in advance