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Thread: Off screen particles rendering problems

  1. #1
    Junior Member Newbie
    Join Date
    Nov 2012
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    Off screen particles rendering problems

    Hi everyone.

    I faced a fillrate bottleneck in my terrain rendering engine when I began to render weather effects and especially when flying through clouds.

    Then, I've implemented the technique described in this excellent article of GPU Gems 3 :

    http://http.developer.nvidia.com/GPU...ems3_ch23.html

    Here's the way I did it in pseudocode:

    Code :
    Step 1 : Draw scenery in a multisampled FBO that we will name M
     
    Step 2 : Blit that FBO to a FBO S to get depth and color textures
     
    Step 3 : Draw low res clouds in a downsized FBO P, taking S depth texture as shader uniform
     
    Step 4 : Do an edge detection pass in a downsized FBO E, taking P color texture as shader uniform (and applying the sobel filter to that texture's alpha)
     
    Step 5 : Do a composition pass in FBO S : 
            - mixing scene color with low res clouds color where there is no edges and setting stencil to 1, 
            - discarding pixel otherwise so that the stencil buffer is 0 where edges are detected
     
    Step 6 : Draw full res clouds in FBO S only where stencil is 0 (edges)
     
    Step 7 : use S color texture in a last pass drawing into the default framebuffer

    The result is pretty much what it should be but I now have 2 problems to solve in order to make it worth it :

    1 ) The step 6 is still killing my framerate as if I was drawing all my clouds in full resolution.
    The weird thing is that the amount of edge detected has no impact on the framerate.
    Even if I disable the edge detection so that the stencil buffer is filled with 1 and no modification should be applied to the color buffer, the framerate is really low.
    I'm inexperienced with the stencil buffer so I probably made a mistake in this part of my code or misunderstood this part of the technique.

    Here's how I set the stencil buffer for step 7 :

    Code :
        //composite main scene with low res particles except on edges to avoid artifacts
        m_SceneRT.bindFBO();
     
        glViewport(0, 0, m_SceneRT.getWidth(), m_SceneRT.getHeight());
     
        glUseProgram(m_uiCompositionShader);
     
        glEnable(GL_STENCIL_TEST);
        glStencilFunc(GL_ALWAYS, 1, 0xFF); //set stencil buffer to 1 unless pixel is discarded (edge)
        glStencilOp(GL_KEEP, GL_KEEP, GL_REPLACE);
        glStencilMask(0xFF);
     
        glClear(GL_STENCIL_BUFFER_BIT);
     
        glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE0);
        glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D,m_SceneRT.getColorTexId()); 
        glUniform1i(glGetUniformLocation(m_uiCompositionShader,"sceneTex"),0);
     
        glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE1);
        glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D,m_ParticlesRT.getColorTexId()); 
        glUniform1i(glGetUniformLocation(m_uiCompositionShader,"particleTex"),1);
     
        glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE2);
        glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D,m_EdgesRT.getColorTexId()); 
        glUniform1i(glGetUniformLocation(m_uiCompositionShader,"edgeTex"),2);
     
        renderScreenSizeQuad();
     
        //redraw high res clouds on edges
        glStencilFunc(GL_EQUAL, 1, 0); // Pass test if stencil value is 0 (edge)
        glStencilMask(0x00); // Don't write anything to stencil buffer
     
        m_WeatherManager.renderClouds(m_SceneRT.getDepthStencilTexId());

    2) I loose the benefit of drawing my clouds into a multisampled buffer. Is it worth it to redo steps 1 and 2 (draw my high resolution edge clouds in a multisampled buffer and blit the result to a common FBO to get texture) ?
    I know this is the old way and it is possible to attach multisampled textures and then do all this pipeline with multisampled FBO but isn't it too bad for performances ? (after all, maybe it can't be worse than doing several blit...)

    Can you help me on this ?
    Thank you.
    Last edited by Vylsain; 03-11-2014 at 07:35 AM.

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