PDA

View Full Version : Rotating around the axes



xRenascent
09-28-2011, 07:14 PM
Hey--I'm fairly new to OpenGL, so I'd like some help since I can't figure out what I'm doing wrong.

I have a 3D object, and I'm using the arrow keys on the keyboard to rotate it. The up/down arrow keys should rotate it vertically, whereas the left/right arrow keys should rotate it horizontally.

However, when I rotate it horizontally by (+/-)90 or (+/-)270 degrees and then try to use the up/down arrow keys to rotate it vertically, it should rotate it around the z-axis. Instead, it rotates around the x-axis.

I've also looked at my professor's code and compared it to mine--they've got the same code rotation-wise, and I can't figure out why mine is doing this.

Here's the gist of my code, since I don't want to paste the entire thing:

void special(int key, int x, int y)
{
// Right arrow - increase rotation by 5 degree
if (key == GLUT_KEY_RIGHT)
theta += 5;
// Left arrow - decrease rotation by 5 degree
else if (key == GLUT_KEY_LEFT)
theta -= 5;
// Up key--rotate vertically
else if (key == GLUT_KEY_UP)
phi += 5;
// Down key--rotate vertically
else if (key == GLUT_KEY_DOWN)
phi -= 5;
theta %= 360;
phi %= 360;
// Request display update
glutPostRedisplay();
}

void display()
{
// Clear screen
glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);
// Reset the transformations
glLoadIdentity();
// Set the viewing angles, rotate around the y and x axis respectively
glRotated(theta,0.0,1.0,0.0);
//if (theta == 90 || theta == 270 || theta == -90 || theta == -270)
//glRotated(phi,0.0,0.0,1.0);
//else
glRotated(phi,1.0,0.0,0.0);

if (toggle_axes == 1)
{
// Draw the axes in white
glColor3ub(255, 255, 255);
glBegin(GL_LINES);
glVertex3d(0.0,0.0,0.0);
glVertex3d(1,0.0,0.0);
glVertex3d(0.0,0.0,0.0);
glVertex3d(0.0,1,0.0);
glVertex3d(0.0,0.0,0.0);
glVertex3d(0.0,0.0,1);
glEnd();
// Label axes
glRasterPos3d(1,0,0);
Print("X");
glRasterPos3d(0,1,0);
Print("Y");
glRasterPos3d(0,0,1);
Print("Z");
}
// Flush, swapbuffers, etc.
}

BionicBytes
09-30-2011, 08:40 AM
glRotated(phi,1.0,0.0,0.0);

That code will only ever rotate phi degrees around the x-axis.
To rotate around multiple axis, you'd need to combine orientation matricies with these commands...

glRotated(phi,0.0,0.0,1.0); //phi on z-axis
glRotated(theta,1.0,0.0,0.0); //theta on x-axis