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View Full Version : ADDSIGNED2X -- Bit Shifting in ARB?

pha3z
08-27-2005, 12:18 PM
I read a description that says the ADDSIGNED2x function does this:
- ADDSIGNED2X: adds the components of the arguments with a -0.5 bias, and shift the products to the left 1 bit.

Is it possible to write that operation in ARB assembly? I haven't seen any tutorials in ARB that talk about bit-shifting.

Tom Nuydens
08-29-2005, 01:27 AM
Shifting one bit to the left is the same as multiplying by two.

mrbill
08-29-2005, 07:22 AM
Originally posted by Tom Nuydens:
Shifting one bit to the left is the same as multiplying by two.
# ARB_fragment_program
TEMP texel;
# ...
MAD texel, texel, 2.0, -1.0; # map from 0.0,1.0 to -1.0,1.0
// ...
vec4 texel;
// ...
texel = texel * 2.0 - 1.0; // map from 0.0,1.0 to -1.0,1.0
// OR
texel = ( texel - 0.5 ) * 2.0; // map from 0.0,1.0 to -1.0,1.0-mr. bill

Humus
08-29-2005, 02:05 PM
Originally posted by mrbill:

texel = texel - 0.5 * 2.0; // map from 0.0,1.0 to -1.0,1.0I think you missed the parantheses.

texel = (texel - 0.5) * 2.0; // map from 0.0,1.0 to -1.0,1.0

pha3z
08-29-2005, 06:07 PM
Shifting one bit to the left is the same as multiplying by two. But I thought that would only work if you are treating the values as raw numbers -- unsigned integers. The GPU assumes they are floating point values. It still works the same?

Brolingstanz
08-29-2005, 06:54 PM
what's the deal with this long, drawn out discourse in remedial math? you know the answer to this one, pal. im sure of it. after all, you've been given some code. if you don't know the difference between integer and floating point math, you're in trouble :)

V-man
08-30-2005, 04:06 AM

src0 + src1 - 0.5

and the 2x would be considered a modifier.
I thought this was talk about old hw. TexEnv has a functionality like this.

pha3z
08-30-2005, 08:43 AM
if you don't know the difference between integer and floating point math, you're in trouble i'm an artist with a background in computer science. i only got a B in Computer Engineering 111 and I never took a course above that. If the doom3 engine wasn't underdeveloped, i wouldn't even be having to ask these questions, but as it is, i have no choice but to teach myself pixel shading. The questions are valid. I was simply questioning whether or not that bit-shifting technique of multiply really worked with a GPU, because I was under the impression that you could only do that using CPU instructions when you told the CPU to treat the numbers as non-floating values. Being given code without much explanation is not understanding. So I questioned the details.

Also, I'm not interested in this only for the purpose of reproducing ADD_SIGNED2X in assembly. Doom3 meshes only support one set of texture coordinates. I have been entertaining the idea of getting more coordinates into the engine by storing two 16-bit floats for U and V in an RGBA bitmap and then reading that into the fragment shader. But I would need to do some bit shifting to conjunct the 8bit R with 8bit G to reconstruct the 16-bit coordinate float.

pha3z
08-30-2005, 03:55 PM
I implemented ADDSIGNED2x and MODULATE4X in ARB. They both worked right. But I've come to realize its not the "bit shifting" that's important -- its the basic arithmetic. And for that matter, i think the document that describes ADDSIGNED2X as shifting one bit left is incorrect. Unless someone cares to point out that bit shifting works the same with floats on the GPU as with raw integers, then i don't think that the multiply by 2 function on the GPU is shifting bits at all!

al_bob
09-01-2005, 08:30 PM
The documentation for ADDSIGNED2X was probably written when GPUs didn't all use floating-point numbers for fragment processing.