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Silver
04-26-2004, 09:12 AM
Hi!

When i want to draw a cube why is this code correct

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// top
glColor3f(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// front
glColor3f(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// right
glColor3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glNormal3f(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// left
glColor3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f);
glNormal3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// bottom
glColor3f(0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// back
glColor3f(0.0f, 0.5f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);

glEnd();and this for e.g. not

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// top
glColor3f(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// front
glColor3f(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// right
glColor3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glNormal3f(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// left
glColor3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f);
glNormal3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// bottom
glColor3f(0.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// back
glColor3f(0.0f, 0.5f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);

glEnd();glFrontFace(GL_CCW) and glEnable(GL_CULL_FACE) are set! I don't unterstand why the second example has mistakes, because there are also all Quads counterclockwise drawn! Please help me! I don't understand why example 1 works and example 2 not!!!

Thanks in advange!
Mat!!!

q3inu
04-26-2004, 10:56 AM
As I don't want to go trough so many vertex coordinates: What exactly is the error that the code
produces?

Silver
04-26-2004, 11:22 AM
When i am rotating the cube about the x, y and z-axis some quads aren't drawn, and some quads are overlapped together!

:)

ZbuffeR
04-26-2004, 12:50 PM
Not directly related, but you can do that with better performance :

glBegin(GL_QUADS);
// top
glColor3f(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);

// front
glColor3f(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
glNormal3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(-0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);

// right
glColor3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glNormal3f(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, -0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f);
glVertex3f(0.5f, -0.5f, -0.5f);

[...]

glEnd();Maybe plot the coordinates on a paper ? It is late here and coordinates are hard to read...

q3inu
04-27-2004, 02:21 AM
Do you use the z-buffer? I once encountered a problem similiar to yours when using the Z-buffer incorrectly.

BeginOpenGL
04-27-2004, 09:10 AM
Silver

Donīt know if you have depth testing set?.

glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);

Also, have you set up Frustrum or Perspective and set it to the projection matrix? To use the code below, declare the following variable where all the other variables are declared in the drawing section ; int initGlProjection = 0;

Then, use something like this:

if (initGlProjection == 0)
{
glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
/*Put the projection in the projection Matrix*/
glMatrixMode (GL_PROJECTION);
glLoadIdentity ();
glFrustum (-0.1333, 0.1333, -0.1, 0.1, 0.5, 25.0);
/* Get back into modelview matrix to draw objects*/
glMatrixMode (GL_MODELVIEW);*/
/*Donīt execute section again*/
initGlProjection = 1;
}

For a simple example like drawing a cube, the above will work. Iīve done it like that. Instead of frustrum, you can use the perspective projection. Just an idea...Iīm just starting out too.

BeginOpenGL

Silver
04-27-2004, 09:16 AM
Do you mean glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST)! if so, yes!!!
If not, how do i enable/disable it?

bye!

Silver
04-27-2004, 09:43 AM
oh i probably had a problem with this function

void setView() {

glViewport(0,0, g_width, g_height);

glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);
glLoadIdentity();
gluPerspective(54.0, g_width/g_height, 0.1, 1000.0);

// changed from
gluPerspective(54.0, g_width/g_height, -1.0, 1000.0);

glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
glLoadIdentity();

}Now i also know how to draw the cube. Top, front and left -face must be drawn counterclockwise and back, bottom and right in clockwise!

Thanks guys ;) !